Information on documents

The Scientific and Technical Collection of Czech Railways is a Collection of Papers (“VTS ČD”) from the field of railway transport. Its aim is to enable publishing of especially original specialised works dealing with technical and technological challenges and principal issues in such areas as management, economy and ecology regarding railway transport.

 

2014 / 38

Introductory word

With regard to important legislative restatements entering into force as of 1 January 2014, when the New Civil Code (Act no. 89/2012 Coll.) and the Business Corporations Act (Act no. 90/2012 Coll.) have become effective and replaced certain Acts (e.g. the Civil Code, Commercial Code), with significant impacts on the area of private law, the Editorial Board discussed and approved the publishing of selected papers with a link to application of the new legislation in the sector of railway transport. At the same time, on the occasion of the 60th anniversary of the International Association for Culture and Leisure of Railway Staff (FISAIC) and 25 years of proactive participation of Czech railway staff in activities of the FISAIC Association, we are publishing also a paper summarising the milestones achieved for this period.


 Document of the article


 Roman Štěrba

Statutory director in the one-tier system of a joint-stock company

The subject matter of this article is the statutory body of a joint-stock company which has opted for the monistic (one-tier) system of corporate governance, i.e. the statutory director. The article deals with the position of the statutory director in the one-tier structure and with relations of this director with other bodies of the joint-stock company, with a special emphasis on certain difficulties of interpretation and application. As one of the inspiring sources of private-law restatement is also the Italian Civil Code, the article further brings an excursion to the Italian legal framework, pointing out to some differences that must be reflected in case of application of comparative interpretation methods of the Czech legislation.


 Document of the article


 František Bodlák

Revitalisation and renewal of operation on the Hrušovany u Brna - Židlochovice railway line and its inclusion into the Integrated Transport System of the South Moravian Region

In order to support the role of railway transport in the system of transport services offered in the south-eastern suburban districts of the City of Brno in the South Moravian Region, recovery of regular services on the Hrušovany u Brna - Židlochovice railway line has been considered. The paper presents a technical solution of revitalisation of this railway line and also a supposed future organisation of railway services there, as prepared by the technical-economical study drawn up.


 Document of the article


 Martin Jacura  Tomáš Javořík  Vít Bartoš  Jiří Landa

Development of railway in the system of transport services in the Region of Rokycany

The paper presents main deliverables of bachelor theses of two successful CTU Faculty of Transportation Sciences graduates. A common topic is solution of transport services in the Rokycany Region, based on the core function of railway transport. The concepts of railway and follow-up bus transport services as well as detailed infrastructure modifications of a selected part of the railway network are designed comprehensively. Both the theses are main deliverables of a joint student project.


 Document of the article


 Martin Jacura  Tomáš Javořík  Tomáš Hoření  Pavel Purkart

Railway technology and facilities as perceived by members of the FISAIC international federation

The International Association for Culture and Leisure of Railway Staff (FISAIC) has been motivating leisure time activities of railway staff for more than 60 years by way of exhibitions, competitions, conferences and internships, and therefore its members take part in interpretation of history and present development of railways in more than 20 countries of Europe.


 Document of the article


 Ivo Laníček

Remarks on deposit and storage agreements

The paper describes contractual relations with regard to deposit and storage services under the new Czech Civil code. It deals with obligations of contracting parties, reimbursement of necessary expenditures and storage charges. Attention is paid to interpretation of dock warrants.


 Document of the article


 Karel Marek  Roman Štěrba

Remarks on contracts for work made pursuant to the new Civil Code

Contract for work is probably the second most widely used type of contract (after purchase contracts). Therefore its comprehensive legal regulation is very important The Scientific and Technological Anthology 38/2014 - Resume for an unambiguous definition of rights and obligations of the parties to the contract. By a contract for work, the contractor undertakes to perform certain work, and the employer undertakes to pay a price for its performance. Work, as defined by the law, may mean manufacture of specified products (provided the manufacture does not fall under the notion of a purchase contract), maintenance, repair or modification of certain items or the result of other activities. Construction, repair or modification of buildings or parts thereof shall always be covered by contracts for work. The new legislation, given by the Civil Code, Act No. 89/ 2012 Coll., and effective from 1 January 2014, replaced the regulation of the contract for work, as contained in the abolished Civil Code of 1964, as well as in the Czech Commercial Code of 1991 that was also cancelled by the new Civil Code of 2012. The paper describes the most important provisions of the new form of a contract for work. The basis for the draft new legislation was taken from the regulation of this contract by the Commercial Code, with regard to certain legal regulations by other countries, because the concept of contracts for work as contained in the former Civil Code was strongly influenced by its original design from 1964 and by patterns of the Civil Code of 1950. In some respects, certain provisions of the former Code of International Trade were also taken into account, the normative structure of which was “adopted” by the later Commercial Code. The new Civil Code provisions are, however, more precise and clearer than the previous arrangements. In the interest of clarity, the text is structured so that the introductory rules cover contracts for work in general, followed by the rules for deviations from the price of the work according to the agreed budget, with a special emphasis on the work carried out on real property and work concerning intangible assets.


 Document of the article


 Karel Marek  Roman Štěrba

Contractual assurance of freight transport

The paper describes contractual relations in freight transport and operation of a means of transport under the new Civil Code. It deals with obligations of the contracting parties in accordance with applicable national rules and international conventions. Attention is paid to the interpretation of both the bill of lading and the consignment note.


 Document of the article


 Karel Marek  Roman Štěrba

Assessment of Efficiency of the BRENS BARRIER Low-height Noise Barrier

Low-height noise barriers are an interesting alternative option to common noise protection measures, especially line-side noise barriers. Some EU member states verify their functionality and investigate the practical area of their use at the present The Scientific and Technological Anthology 38/2014 - Resume time. The article is devoted to an experimental analysis of efficiency of low-height noise barriers known as BRENS BARRIER installed on the railway line sides in the Czech Republic.


 Document of the article


 Jaroslav Smutný  Vladimír Tomandl  Luboš Pazdera  Ivan Vukušič  Eva Krautová

IODA modern web database

The article explains reasons leading to the arising of the modern web database known as IODA, the contents of which consist of data on transport and transport economy. In addition, the authors present a brief tutorial focused on the use of the application and show examples of data and functions that the database contains and offers.


 Document of the article


 Jan Tichý  Veronika Faifrová

Current issues of railway research

The paper describes organisation of railway research in the international field as well as in the Czech Republic, and acquaints readers with basic organisations involved in the management of railway research and with strategic documents on the basis of which the research priorities are set out. The paper informs about the major research programmes carried out so far and planned for the next periods. The aim of this paper is to give readers a basic overview of the field of railway research, including the data on information resource


 Document of the article


 Jaroslav Vašátko

VTS 38 - Complete Issue

Resume of the Anthology No. 38